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A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. It contains natural insecticides, but the sap is poisonous and an irritant. Some plant authorities site its scientific name as Euphorbia maculata or while other authorities cite it as Chamaesyce maculata. Reproduction. Once established, each bright green plant forms a thick mat that can grow up to three feet in diameter—but since it stays low to the ground, mowing it won’t help. Spotted spurge is a dark green plant with red stems that grows low to the ground in a mat-like fashion. Prostrate Spurge is a summer annual broadleaf weed that is also commonly known as Chamaesyce maculata, Euphorbia maculate and Spotted Spurge. Spotted Spurge. Spotted spurge has a more erect growth habit than prostrate spurge. The tap root of this plant is very long and its seeds are very hardy. This sap may or may not irritate your skin or eyes, so be sure to take care when you pull or yank the plant up. Light also is a requirement for maximum germination (Molinar et al. Family: EUPHORBIACEAE: Genus: Euphorbia L.: Common Name: SPURGE; SANDMAT: Genus Notes: In the modern sense, Euphorbia s.l. Scientific Name: Chamaesyce maculata. Species recognized by Pignatti, 1982. Spurges are part of the Euphorbia genus that includes desirable perennial plants as well as invasive annual weeds. SCIENTIFIC SYNONYMS: Chamaesyce mathewsii Small Chamaesyce supina (Raf.) Spotted spurge is a summer annual weed with a prostrate growth habit that flourishes in warm climates and dies back after frost. Prostrate Spurge (Euphorbia maculate) Interesting Information About Plant: The Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge) is a plant native to North America.The Prostrate Spurge, also commonly known as creeping spurge or spotted spurge, typically grows in the side walk cracks next to … It has somewhat hairy stems with small oval leaves on opposite sides of the stem. Stems smooth or hairy, with "milky" sap. perennial. Euphorbiaceae – Spurge family Genus: Chamaesyce Gray – sandmat Species: Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small – spotted sandmat maculata, maculo, to spot, stain, pollute, defile; spotted. Euphorbia maculata, Spotted Spurge, Milk-purslane, Wartweed, Spotted Sandmat. Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed areas where often escaped from cultivation. This speckled weed is an unsightly nuisance in the lawn, taking up residence in weak areas of the turf, and also invades landscaping beds, sidewalk cracks, and vegetable gardens. Reproduction is by seed that is dispersed by ants, water and soil movement. ex A. Heller) Boiss. "Euphorbia" is sometimes used in ordinary English to collectively refer to all members of Euphorbiaceae (in deference to the type genus), not just to members of the genus. Spotted spurge is easy to spot. Finnish. Its scientific name is Euphorbia supina. Derivation of the botanical name: Euphorbia, Εὔφορβος, Euphorbus, after the Numidian physician Euphorbus, physician to Juba II, King of Numidia and Mauretania, about the end of the first century BCE.In classical Greek ευφορβοσ (euphorbos) means well fed. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Habit. The stems spread out in a mat along the ground with each stem rarely greater than 45 centimetres (18 in) long. TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name for prostate spurge is Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small. Euphorbia maculata, Spotted Spurge, Milk-purslane, Wartweed, Spotted Sandmat. Not available. It is typically found in sidewalk cracks, gravel, roadsides, gardens, and sometimes woodlands. Euforbia macchiata preferred. names in breadcrumbs. The leaves are oval but rather elongate, up to 3 centimetres (1.2 in) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Anisophyllum. In my research for information about these spurges, I found some interesting info about the sap from spotted spurge being tested for the treatment for skin cancer. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. Common Name(s): spotted sandmat [English] large spurge [English] spotted spurge [English] Accepted Name(s): Euphorbia maculata L. Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - synonym : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Garden Spurge. Since it is the sap that has been used medicinally, these species are interchangeable. Scientific Name: Chamaesyce maculata. spotted spurge. The sap of this plant is a mild skin irritant and can cause a rash in some people. Description: Annual broadleaf weed that grows prostrate. Spotted spurge is easily recognized by its hairy red stems that branch out from a central point, tiny dark green leaves with a red spot, and dense, mat-like shape. Spotted Spurge (Chamaesyce maculata) also known as: Prostrate Spurge, Milk Purslane and Spotted Sandmat It is also commonly designated Euphorbia maculata Division - Magnoliaphyta Class - Magnoliopsida Subclass - Rosidae Order - Euphorbiales Family - Euphorbiaceae Genus - Chamaesyce/Euphorbia. Identification … Spotted spurge is a summer annual. Leaves are opposite with reddish usually present in the middle. It can live in a wide range of habitats, from damp to very dry soils. H. Hara Chamaesyce tracyi Small Euphorbia maculata L. Euphorbia supina Raf. Not available. Spotted spurge thrives in the heat of summer. While similar to prostate spurge, there are several subtle differences in the two varieties. maculata, maculo, to spot, stain, pollute, defile; spotted. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. 2009). Top view of Spotted Spurge. The licence does not apply to ‘branding’ or some ‘images or photographs’ that may be owned by third parties. Map showing the present distribution of this weed. Italian. Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed areas where often escaped from cultivation. It is similar to Euphorbia prostrata, but that species has shorter leaves that are more rounded at the tips. The cyathia, bisexual reproductive structures unique to plants in the genus, are very small, with four white petal-like appendages that are sometimes pink. Seeds. Leaves opposite, usually with a reddish spot, not symmetrical. Spurge, (genus Euphorbia), one of the largest flowering-plant genera, with 2,420 species, many of which are important to man as ornamentals, sources of drugs, or as weeds. Spotted spurge (Euphorbia maculata) is a dark green plant with red stems that grows low to the ground in a mat-like fashion. Your gateway to a wide range of natural resources information and associated maps. Description: Annual broadleaf weed that grows prostrate. Life Cycle. The genus Euphorbia (spurge) contains over 1600 species making it one of the most species-rich plant genus in the world. The leaves will be oval shaped and has a red spot in their center (which is why this spurge is called spotted spurge). Gay) Klotzsch & Garcke; see more. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cydonia japonica . nutans, nodding. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. Shrub. Impact on Bushland. Anisophyllum hypericifolium (L.) Haw. Scientific Name - Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp. Spurge is a type of plant that spreads easily as a broadleaf weed on East Coast lawns. Common Name: Spotted Spurge. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euphorbia_maculata&oldid=993091016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 19:01. This speckled weed is an unsightly nuisance in the lawn, taking up residence in weak areas of the turf, and also invades landscaping beds, sidewalk cracks, and vegetable gardens. Stems are reddish in color and contain milky sap. Chamaesyce maculata is the name used in the USDA’s Plants Database (http://plants.usda.gov/) but other authorities use other scientific names including Euphorbia maculata, E. supina and C. supina. The taxonomy of the Ground Spurges is rather confused. Common name(s): Leafy spurge Scientific name: Euphorbia esula Family: Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) Reasons for concern: One of the most tenacious plants in the U.S. Its extensive root system contains large nutrient reserves and can tolerate long periods of drought. The Ecological Area-wide Management (TEAM) Leafy Spurge was a $4.5 million, five-year (1998-2002) USDA-ARS research and demonstration program focusing on the Little Missouri drainage in Wyoming, Montana and the Dakotas. Recognized by christinaflann and admin. graceful spurge; Other Scientific Names. The Ecological Area-wide Management (TEAM) Leafy Spurge was a $4.5 million, five-year (1998-2002) USDA-ARS research and demonstration program focusing on the Little Missouri drainage in Wyoming, Montana and the Dakotas. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Description. is a large genus of ca. Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Spurge, Milk-purslane, Wartweed, spotted ( an involucre of clustered, reduced male and female flowers.! The spurge family ( Euphorbiaceae ) be owned by third parties mid-spring, the hard part keeping! Name: Chamaesyce mathewsii Small Chamaesyce supina ( Raf. similar in size, but the sap has... Typically found in sidewalk cracks, gravel, Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and in! 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